Jewellery 17 Aug 2018
Gold holds tremendous importance in Bengali traditions and the practice of wearing gold jewellery on special occasions – including weddings, religious ceremonies, and important festivals such as Durga Puja and Kali Puja – dates back centuries.
An intricately carved gold ornament for the forehead, tikli resembles a maang tikka and is worn by every traditional Bengali bride.
More commonly known as a choker, chik is a tight-fitting elaborate gold necklace worn by every Bengali bride. It is also worn by Bengali women on special occasions such as Durga Puja.
The word ‘kaan’ translates to ‘ear’. Kaan is a type of earring worn by Bengali women and is shaped like a human ear. Also known as ‘kaan bala’, these are made of thin layers of gold.
A broad bracelet that usually comes in pairs, chur is made of gold. It is claimed that 40-50 grams of gold is used to make one pair.
Introduced to India by the Mughals, ratanchur is a delicate piece of jewellery for the hand. It consists of a gold ring attached to a centrepiece, which dangles around the back of the wearer’s hands and finally to an armlet or bracelet.
A half-cut bangle ideal for everyday use, bauti is made of gold and is a favourite of married women.
This is a type of gold bangle made from a special cut design known as ‘beloyari’ and hence the bangles are called beloyari churi.
Commonly seen in Bengali weddings, these are bangles made of conch shells and gold.
The design of this particular gold chain is inspired by a flower called ‘bokul’. Bengali married women wear bokul mala on an everyday basis.
This is a gold bangle filled with wax to increase its strength and durability. It is another daily wear ornament loved by Bengali women.
Gold jewellery of West Bengal is a reflection of the state’s magnificent cultural heritage. Therefore, it has a huge role to play in most Bengali traditional functions.
It is a hallmarking system for gold and silver jewellery in India. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Hallmark is used for certifying the purity of gold/silver. BIS Hallmark on a gold product certifies that it complies with the standards laid down by the Bureau of Indian Standards, the national standards organisation of India.
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