हॉलमार्क संकेत

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Logo

भारतीय मानक ब्यूरो (BIS) लोगो

Gold Karatage and Fineness

सोने की कटार और
सुंदरता

Mark of the Assaying and Hallmarking Centre

सेंटर आइडेंटिटी असेसमेंट एंड हॉलमार्किंग

Jeweller's Identification Mark

ज्वेलर की पहचान
निशान

हॉलमार्किंग केंद्र और ऊपर दिखाए गए ज्वेलर का निशान सांकेतिक हैं। वास्तविक निशान अलग हो सकते हैं।

सोने की बानगी

ताज़ा लेख

गोल्ड हॉलमार्किंग पर अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न

Hallmarking is the process of verifying and certifying the purity of gold in karats and fineness as per the standards set by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). Every hallmarked gold item has 4 symbols on it - BIS mark, Purity in karat and fineness (e.g. 22k916), Assaying and Hallmarking Centre's mark and Jeweller's mark.

Hallmarked gold consists of four symbols that prove that a gold article has undergone the process of hallmarking as per the processes set by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). These include:

  1. BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) logo
  2. Purity in karat and fineness
  3. Assaying and Hallmarking Centre's identification mark
  4. Jeweller's identification mark

BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) hallmarking consists of four symbols to ensure the purity of gold. Know how a gold hallmark looks - https://www.mygoldguide.in/all-you-need-to-know-about-hallmarking

  1. BIS logo - The logo of the Bureau of the Indian Standards that confirms the hallmarking has been done as per the standards and processes set by the BIS. Until now, the hallmarking process has been voluntary, but as of 15th January 2020, gold hallmarking will be mandatory by law. To read more, read to News driven article
  2. Purity in karat and fineness - Differs according to the purity of your gold; 22K916 for 22 karat gold, 18K750 for 18 karat gold, and 14K585 for 14 karat gold
  3. Assaying and Hallmarking Centre's (AHCs) identification mark - The mark signifies that it the jewellery item has been hallmarked at the particular AHC licensed by BIS to do hallmarking of gold. Every AHC that is licensed by the BIS has certain machinery they are allowed to operate, and a staff of people with a set of skills pre-defined by the BIS. This ensures that they are carrying out the hallmarking process with as much precision as possible. There are currently around 800+ hallmarking centres in India which are divided into Central, Eastern, Northern, Southern and Western Regions. Every AHC is assigned a unique mark in order to be identified. You can check the AHC on the link - http://bit.ly/BISCentre. You can find an AHC near you by visiting the BIS site.
  4. Jeweller's identification mark - Only jewellers who have been licensed by the BIS can sell hallmarked gold. The list of BIS-licensed jewellers is also available on its site: http://bit.ly/BISCentre. Different branches of the same jeweller have different identification marks. You can check if a jeweller is licensed by the BIS by asking for a BIS certificate at their store and by confirming that the jeweller's mark matches the one mentioned in this list.

If a gold jewellery is hallmarked, you can be sure that you are getting the right value for your money and your gold has verified and certified for its fineness, karatage and the amount of gold, all verified as per the processes set by the BIS.

Hallmarked gold helps you in a number of situations:

  • If you want to buy gold jewellery and want to be assured that you are getting what you pay for
  • If you want to upgrade or upcycle the jewellery you have inherited from your family and convert it into more modern, contemporary designs
  • If you want to sell your gold jewellery
  • If you want to take a loan against your gold jewellery

Gold is chemically separated from other metals and its purity is tested through the X-ray fluorescence technique. A gold hallmark does not damage your jewellery. To know more about the rigorous process of gold hallmarking, watch this video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rH83K_En1ws

At present, hallmarking is done for three grades of gold - 22 karat, 18 karat and 14 karat. Depending on the karatage of your gold jewellery, the 'purity and fineness' symbol of your gold hallmark would look like this: 22K916, 18K750 and 14K585 corresponding to 22 karat, 18 karat and 14 karat respectively.

Hallmarking ensures that the gold jewellery you purchase is worth the money you pay. It assures you of the purity and fineness of your gold. It is also easy to sell hallmarked gold as the buyer will offer you the right value. A hallmark also assures you that your gold has been ethically sourced.

Your gold will not lose its value if not hallmarked. However, you would be risking getting less than you pay for. For example, you might be given 14-karat gold for a purchase of 18-karat gold, which can't happen if your gold has been hallmarked as per BIS standards. You can also never be sure exactly how much gold you have. It is also difficult to sell non-hallmarked gold as its purity and fineness is not certified. So, the buyer may not offer you the right value. Without a hallmark, it becomes risky to sell, upgrade or take a loan against your jeweller because you don't know exactly how much your gold is worth.

Hallmarking in India is monitored by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards), the national standards organization of India. The BIS is the only entity that can authorize Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHCs) to hallmark gold and license jewellers to sell hallmarked gold.

Across India, gold hallmarking will officially become mandatory on 15th January 2020. This means that all gold jewellery manufactured after this date must necessarily be hallmarked. However, jewellers will be given a period of one year to clear existing stocks. Thus, after 15th January 2021, it will be illegal to sell non hallmarked gold jewellery.

The list of BIS-licensed jewellers is available on: http://bit.ly/BISJewellers. You can also check if a jeweller is licensed by the BIS by asking for a BIS certificate at their store and by confirming that the jeweller's mark matches the one mentioned in this list.

Hallmarking has to be done by the jeweller as a jeweller's identification mark is one of the 4 symbols of a hallmarked gold item. So, you can ask your jeweller to get your gold hallmarked.

However, if your jeweller is selling you hallmarked gold and you want to get the hallmark verified to safeguard your interests, you can visit any of the Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHCs) recognized by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). You can obtain a certificate ascertaining the purity level of your gold from an AHC at a minimal fee of INR 35. You can find the list of all the centres here - http://bit.ly/BISCentre

Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHC) are licensed by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) to test and certify the purity and fineness of gold in a gold item and hallmark it. These centres certify that a piece of gold jewellery conforms to the BIS standards of purity and fineness. All hallmarked gold jewellery undergoes the process of hallmarking at an AHC.

The BIS regularly inspects Assaying and Hallmarking Centres through surprise checks and raids done by BIS officials. These officials not only check the machines being used for hallmarking, but the skills of the technicians using these machines, the process adherence and the infrastructure at the centre.

No. The BIS licenses only those Assaying and Hallmarking Centres that have requisite infrastructure and quality management system as per IS 15820: 2009 - General requirement for competence of assaying and hallmarking centres.

The list of BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards)- recognized Assaying and Hallmarking Centres is hosted on the BIS website. Check if the AHC you are at is part of this list: http://bit.ly/BISCentre

You can get your gold coins, gold bars and other gold articles tested for purity at any Assaying and Hallmarking Centre (AHC) listed here http://bit.ly/BISCentre

To get it hallmarked you need a jeweller as a jeweller's identification mark is one of the 4 symbols of a gold hallmark. But to get an existing hallmark verified, you can visit any of the Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHCs) recognized by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). You can obtain a certificate ascertaining the purity level of your gold from an AHC at a minimal fee of INR 35. You can find the list centres here - http://bit.ly/BISCentre

You can get your gold coins tested for purity at any Assaying and Hallmarking Centre (AHC) listed here http://bit.ly/BISCentre

To get it hallmarked you will need a jeweller present as a jeweller's identification mark is one of the 4 symbols of a gold hallmark. But to get an existing hallmark verified, you can visit any of the Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHCs) recognized by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). You can obtain a certificate ascertaining the purity level of your gold from an AHC at a minimal fee of INR 35. You can find the list centres here - http://bit.ly/BISCentre

You can get your gold bars tested for purity at any Assaying and Hallmarking Centre (AHC) listed here http://bit.ly/BISCentre

To get it hallmarked you will need a jeweller present as a jeweller's identification mark is one of the 4 symbols of a gold hallmark. But to get an existing hallmark verified, you can visit any of the Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHCs) recognized by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). You can obtain a certificate ascertaining the purity level of your gold from an AHC at a minimal fee of INR 35. You can find the list centres here - http://bit.ly/BISCentre

The hallmarking charge is INR 35 per gold article. This cost is born by the jeweller, not you, as the buyer. This cost applies regardless of the size, weight or purity of your gold piece. However, the piece must be minimum 2 grams for you to get it hallmarked.

It takes about 7-8 hours to hallmark a gold article. If your jeweller tells you they can get it hallmarked in just a few minutes or hours, check if they are licensed by the BIS, because only AHCs can hallmark gold. You would usually need to leave your gold with your jeweller for a day while they get it hallmarked at a BIS licensed AHC. However, purity testing can be done in less than an hour at any AHC.

As per BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) norms, the minimum amount of gold that can be hallmarked is two grams.

Yes, you can find the four symbols of hallmarking on the metal part of the gold jewellery that is embellished with stones and pearls. However, the hallmark only confirms the purity of the gold and not the stones or other gems used in the jewellery. And if your jewellery piece consists of 2 pieces of gold intertwined together (like a chain to tie the ends, and the necklace), each would need its own hallmark.

Across India, gold hallmarking will officially become mandatory on 15th January 2020. This means that all gold jewellery manufactured after this date must necessarily be hallmarked. However, jewellers will be given a period of one year to clear existing stocks. and the BIS will set up more AHCs. Thus, after 15th January 2021, it will be illegal to sell anything other than hallmarked gold jewellery. If you own gold jewellery that is not hallmarked, this is the right time to ask your jeweller to get it hallmarked for you. It is important that you, as a gold buyer, are aware of what hallmarking is, and make sure to demand hallmarked gold jewellery from your trusted and favourite jewellers.

You can get your gold jewellery tested at any Assaying and Hallmarking Centre listed here http://bit.ly/BISCentre You can obtain a certificate ascertaining the purity level of your gold from an AHC at a minimal fee. While jewellers may offer to test the purity of your gold as well, getting it done at a BIS-licensed AHC guarantees that the testing is being done as per BIS standards.

Yes, the process of gold hallmarking can certify the purity and fineness of your gold. Depending on the karatage of your gold jewellery, the 'purity and fineness' symbol of your gold hallmark would look like this: 22K916, 18K750 and 14K585, respectively.

Hallmarking is extremely safe for your gold jewellery when done correctly. When hallmarking is done at a BIS-licensed Assaying and Hallmarking Center, you don't need to worry about the design or metal of your gold jewellery getting changed at all.

First, always buy BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard)-hallmarked gold. This guarantees the purity and fineness of your gold. Secondly, always ask for a bill of purchase that mentions the weight of your gold, the gold rate that day, the calculation of making charges, and the date of the purchase.

If your jeweller has sold you gold claiming its purity to be higher than what the hallmark confirms, the jeweller will have to replace your jewellery according to the existing scheme and their BIS license may be in jeopardy.

No, the four symbols of hallmarking are embossed using a laser technique that will not affect the design of the gold jewellery.

If your gold jewellery is found to be of lesser purity than the hallmark mentions, the differential amount of the gold would be paid to you in double once your complaint with the BIS has been verified. Also, the testing charges would be refunded to you by the centre that hallmarked the jewellery. To know more, read to What are the steps taken by BIS to maintain the standard of gold hallmarking?

In case the purity of hallmarked jewellery is found to be less than that declared by the jeweller, you may file a complaint in any BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) office in India. You can submit an online complaint on www.bis.gov.in or the BIS Care mobile app. Or send an email to [email protected] You can also personally meet or write a letter to the Public Grievance officer of the nearest Regional/ Branch office of BIS or the Head of Consumer Affairs Department. On receiving a complaint, BIS officials will investigate the matter and take suitable actions.

If an Assaying and Hallmarking Centre (AHC) wrongly hallmarks a gold article, the BIS will investigate the matter and the AHC shall be liable to pay a penalty. In addition to payment of the penalty, the AHC shall be de-recognized if three failures are observed in one year.

The penalty is calculated as shown below:

First failure - Penalty amount = Difference in fineness observed on testing X weight of gold article X gold rate X 2

Second failure (within 6 months from the date of drawl of first sample) Penalty amount = Difference in fineness observed on testing X weight of gold article X gold rate X 5

Third failure (within 12 months from the date of drawl of first sample) Penalty Amount = Difference in fineness observed on testing X weight of gold article X gold rate X 10 gold rate as applicable on the day of testing of the sample.

BIS-licensed jewellers follow the standards of purity and fineness laid down by the BIS and thus maintain the quality of the gold jewellery, bars and coins that they sell. Also, the BIS conducts surprise inspections at these outlets to ensure the norms are followed. Thus, the value of the gold purchased from BIS-certified jewellers is guaranteed. Here's the list: http://bit.ly/BISJewellers

Yes, all colours of gold can be hallmarked. Depending on the karatage of your gold jewellery, the 'purity and fineness' symbol of your gold hallmark would look like this: 22K916, 18K750 and 14K585, respectively.

No. While gold hallmarking will officially become mandatory on 15th January 2020 across India, jewellers will be given a period of one year to clear existing stocks. and the BIS will set up more AHCs. Thus, after 15th January 2021, it will be illegal to sell anything other than hallmarked gold jewellery. If you own gold jewellery that is not hallmarked, this is the right time to ask your jeweller to get it hallmarked for you.